Gender Selection. Advantages and Disadvantages of PGD Gender Selection
Gender selection (also known as sex selection) is one of the modern reproductive technologies which gives an opportunity to choose the child’s gender before the conception. The desire to become parents of a long-waited daughter rather than a son or visa versa makes gender selection more and more popular every year.
Different countries have different attitude towards gender selection. In the USA, for example, parents are allowed to select child’s sex if they already have a baby and want the second child of another gender. In GB gender selection is strictly prohibited as it’s viewed like gender discrimination. Speaking about Israel, gender selection is possible only in the cases when spouses already have 4 children of one gender or doctor’s refusal to select gender might influence parents’ mental health.
Both supporters and opponents of gender selection agree that it’s essentially necessary if gender selection is not a whim but need: possibility of genetic disease transfer e.g. some genetic pathologies which are transferred only to males (muscular dystrophy, haemophilia). In such cases, gender selection is the only chance for parents to have a healthy child. Nowadays the most reliable technology of gender selection is PGD (Pre-Implantation genetic testing) with IVF. The key issue of such a method is fertilization of woman’s eggs in the tube. Embryo which grows out of uterus is checked for gender and genetic disorders. If child’s gender satisfies future parents, embryo is transferred to the woman (or a surrogate mother). PGD is really an effective technology of modern reproductive medicine.